Thematic area: Plurilingual education

Council of Europe policy attaches particular importance to the development of plurilingualism - the lifelong enrichment of the individual’s linguistic and cultural repertoire - with the aim of enabling Europeans to interact in a number of different languages and cultural contexts.
However, although in most European countries learners are encouraged to learn at least two foreign languages at school, in practice, it is observed that the compulsory learning of a second foreign language is often questioned. Projects in this section demonstrate ways in which this development can be counteracted.

  • How can plurilingual education be put into practice?
  • How can learners best be encouraged to value and respect other languages and cultures apart from their own?
  • What is the place of regional and minority languages in the education systems?
  • How can teachers cope with multilingual classes where all pupils do not necessarily have the required level in the language of instruction?

This section also includes a project run in collaboration with language teacher associations, whom the ECML values as important partners in promoting plurilingual education and disseminating the Centre’s work.


Project coordinators

Michel Candelier: CARAPClaude Cortier: EBP-ICIKlaus Börge-Boeckmann: MARILLETerry Lamb: LACS



A framework of reference for pluralistic approaches (CARAP)
Un cadre de référence pour les approches plurielles
Project website / Abstract / Résumé

Minority languages, collateral languages and bi-/plurilingual education (EBP-ICI)

Langues minoritaires, langues collatérales et éducation bi-/plurilingue
Project Website / Abstract / Résumé

Majority language instruction as basis for plurilingual education (MARILLE)

L'enseignement de la langue majoritaire comme base pour l'enseignement plurilingue
Mehrheitssprachenunterricht als Basis für plurilinguale Erziehung
Project Website / Abstract / Résumé / Zusammenfassung

Language associations and collaborative support (LACS)
Associations linguistiques et soutien coopératif
Sprachenverbände und Stärkung ihrer gegenseitigen Zusammenarbeit
Project Website / Abstract / Résumé / Zusammenfassung


Other thematic areas

Continuity in language learning  -  Content and language education  -  Evaluation